Western Historical and Cultural Awareness
aka War, Peace, Justice and Human Survival
(LBST 2101-H78 [formerly HONR 1701 which satisfies COGE L Goal])

Philosophy of Peace (PHIL 3243-H78)

11:00 AM to 12:20 PM Mon. & Wed.; Witherspoon 360; Spring 2006

Instructor:    Bill Gay
Office Location  & Phone:    Winningham 103D; (704) 687-2266
Office Hours:    2:00-2:50PM Wed; 4:30-5:30PM Mo&Wed, & by appt.
Email:    wcgay@email.uncc.edu

Instructor:    B.H. Nunnally
Office Location & Phone:    346-B Friday; (704) 687-2875
Office Hours:    9:00-10:50AM Mon&We.; 5:30-6:30PM Mon & by appt.
Email:    bhnunnal@email.uncc.edu

Course Web Site:    http://www.philosophy.uncc.edu/wcgay/wpj.html

Required Texts:

Holmes, Robert L. and Barry L. Gan, Editors.  Nonviolence in Theory and Practice.  2nd Ed.  Long Grove, IL:  Waveland Press, Inc., 20015.  ISBN 1-57766-349-7.

Course Packet for LBST 2101-H78.  Gray's College Bookstore (9430 University City Blvd.)

Brief Statement of Course Description and Objective:
Addresses relationships among individual, local, state and global values examined within the context of war, peace and justice.  Students are offered an opportunity to become aware of the larger questions surrounding the issues of war, peace, justice and human survival, and then the opportunity to explore how these questions can be addressed in specific instances.

Course Description in Catalog for LBST 2101, Honors Section:
All sections of this course explore a major aspect of western culture.  Particular attention is given to an examination of the constructed nature of the present through a close examination of the past and the ways that selected institutions, ideas, or practices change over time and spread in human society, producing both continuity and novelty.  The honors section of this course will focus on the conceptual and historical aspects of violence, terrorism, war, non violence, justice and the economic motivations and results, both intended and unintended, associated with these phenomena.

Permission of the University Honors Program for LBST 2101-H78.
Permission of the Department of Philosophy for PHIL 3243-H78.

Course Evaluation:
Exams (80%).  Exam 1:  20 points; Exam 2: 30 points; Exam 3:  30 points.
Class Participation (20%).  20 points.  Regular attendance is a necessary component.
Grading Scale:  90-100 = A; 80-89 = B; 70-79 = C; 60-69 = D; below 60 = F)

Policy Statements:

UNC Charlotte strives to create an academic climate in which the dignity of all individuals is respected and maintained. Therefore, we celebrate diversity that includes, but is not limited to ability/disability, age, culture, ethnicity, gender, language, race, religion, sexual orientation, and socio-economic status.  See “Diversity Community” under Quick Links on the University’s home page:  <http://www.provost.uncc.edu/diversity>.

Students have the responsibility to know and observe the UNC Charlotte’s “The Code of Student Academic Integrity.”  The code is on the web at:  <http://legal.uncc.edu/policies/ps-105.html>.

Students with documented disabilities requiring accommodation in this course should contact Disability Services  in Fretwell 230 or at:  <http://www.ds.uncc.edu>.

Course Overview:
Five interrelated questions provide the focus of this course.  The six questions, with which students are expected to grapple throughout the semester, are:
1.  How Do We Define/Think About War?  This broad question includes types of war (conventional, nuclear), patterns of war over time, and the relation of war to violence and aggression.
2.  How Do We Define/Think About Peace? Is peace more than the absence of war?  Are there different types of peace?  Is peace a meaningful possibility?
3.  How Does Our Understanding Change When The Issue Of Justice Is Introduced?  What is the relation of war to justice?  What is the relation of peace to justice?
4.  How Do Weapons Of Mass Destruction Alter Our Understanding About War?  What are WMD?  How do WMD relate to nation states and non-national groups?  How do WMD affect our understanding of violence, terrorism, and war?
5.  What Changes Are Important To Move Away From A Dependence on War?  This question includes consideration of the individual, the nation state, and international/transnational structures and institutions.

Topics and Readings

Tentative Schedule of Topics and Exams
Abbreviations:  CP =
Course Packet and NTP = Nonviolence in Theory and Practice

Introduction (NTP:  xvii-xxiii)

Part I.  War and War Theory

1.    The Language of War:  Urban II’s speech, Geo. Bush, War with Iraq? and Clinton on Haiti  (CP:  Urban [followed by brief comments delivered by Bush and Clinton])

2.    Warism and Just War Theory  (CP:  Cady, “Warism” and “A Just-War Continuum”)

3.    War in Metaphorical Terms  (web:  Lakoff, “Metaphor and War”)

4.    Definitions of Violence, War, Peace, and Justice  (CP:  Garver; Glossop, “The Conceptual Framework”)

5.    Defining Terrorism  (CP:  Holmes, “Terrorism and Violence”)

6.    Understanding Nuclear War and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Slide Program  (web:  Gay, WMD)

7.    Exam 1

Part II.  Theory and Practice of Pacifism

1.    Theory of Pacifism:  Milne, Thoreau, Gandhi  (NTP:  186-193; 48-63; 77-84)

2.    Types of Pacifism  (CP:  Cady, “A Pacifist Continuum”)

3.    Pacifism as Practice:  Sharp, Norman, Hughan, Taylor  (NTP:  253-255; 214-218; 219-232; 244-246)

4.    Pacifism as Practice:  Schwarcz, Flinders, Eppler, Orosco, Kennedy  (NTP:  332-335; 309-317; 340-343; 261-269; 344-357)

5.    Understanding the Middle-East Conflict  (CP:  Cohen)

6.    Understanding Causality and Probability  (CP:  Glossop, “The Causes of War”; Gay, web)

7.    Human Survival and the Meaning of Life:  Lao Tzu, Kimelman, Apsey, Siddiqui, Tolstoy  (NTP:  10-12, 23-32, 33-35, 36-40, 69-76)

8.    Exam 2

Part III.  Social Justice and Human Survival

1.    American Pacifist and Radical Social Thought I:  Paul Robeson  (CP:  Robeson)

2.    American Pacifist and Radical Social Thought II:  Eugene V. Debs  (web)

3.    Social Justice and Race Relations:  Apsy and King  (NTP:  95-100; 101-113)

4.    Civil Disobedience:  Deming  (NTP:  136-149)

5.    Nashville Sit-Ins  (video:  Ackerman /DuVall; NTP:  256-260)

6.    Plato's Allegory of the Cave and the Equality of Women  (web:  Republic)

7.    National Security Redefined  (Gay, web)

8.    Exam 3