Key Distinctions in the Apology


Persuasion vs. Truth

Speaker/Witness:  Tell Truth vs. Judge/Juror:  Attend to What is Just

Early Accusers (Unsaid at trial) vs. Later Accusers (Said at trial)

Not Know But Think You Know (Fool) vs. Not Know But Not Think You Know (Wise)

Those Who Corrupt vs. Those Who Improve (Non-Vacuous Contrast)

Live Among Good vs. Live Among Wicked

Believe in Other Gods vs. Believe in No Gods

Right Action vs. Consequences

Condemned to Death (Socrates) vs. Condemned to Wickedness (Accusers)

Kill to Prevent Reproach vs. Reproach to Attain Virtue