William James
 
 

The Will to Believe (1897)

Hypothesis as:  anything that may be proposed to our belief


Basis for liveness and deadness


Decision between hypotheses as an Option


Genuine option


Belief and Volition


Knowing Truth versus Avoiding Error


Pragmatic View (James here calls empiricist, but not in tradition of Hume)


 
 

Pragmatism (1907)

Pragmatic method


Nature of Pragmatism


Implications of Pragmatism being only a method


Contrast between Pragmatism and Rationalism


Instrumental view of truth