Reviewing for in-Class Exam and Short Paper
Part III. Recent Philosophy: Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, and Mill
The in-class exam will count as 10% of your final grade, and the short paper
will count as 10% of your final grade. On the date listed on the syllabus,
an in-class exam will be given on class lectures and on the readings.
This exam will be composed of objective sections. At the time of the
exam, you are to turn in your short paper on this material. (A make-up
exam will be given only for highly extenuating circumstances and will be
considerably more difficult.)
The objective portion of the exam will include matching, multiple choice,
fill in the blank, and true or false sections. To review for this portion
of the exam be familiar with the topics listed below (shown as overheads
in class and available under study guides in course materials on web) and
with the reading with which they correlate.
Hegel's "Master-Slave Dialectic"
Marx, Alienated Labor
Nietzsche's The Critique of Morality
Mill, On Liberty
In the overheads and text, be especially familiar with the following:
Hegel's views on self consciousness and the struggle for recognition
Marx's distinctions regarding each of the four forms of alienation
Nietzsche's distinctions between master and slave moralities and critique
Mill's views on the liberties individuals should have and on reasons for
The Short Paper will repond to three of the questions below. Each response
is to be approximately 300 words. Points will be deducted for papers
with fewer than 800 total word or more than 1,000 total words. You
are to provide a word count for each response and for the total Short Paper.
In your responses, write in your own words and aim to be accurate,
relevant, and clear.
- How does Hegel argue that in the quest for recognition and freedom
one may recognize that "life is as essential…as pure self-consciousness,"
and within a master/slave relation how does he argue each turns into its
- How does Marx distinguish between externalization (Entäusserung)
and alienation (Entfremdung) as forms of objectification, and how does he
argue that under alienation human and animal functions can be reversed?
- What is Nietzsche's distinction between master and slave moralities,
and how does he argue against reason and free will and for the expression
of our desires?
- What is Mill's concern about the implications of majority rule on
minorities, and how does he present this argument in relation to the three
alternatives on the truth of the established position and a new opinion?