The Good Life and Thinking Critically
This exam will count as 35% of your final grade. On the date listed
on the syllabus, an in-class exam will be given on class lectures and on
the readings. The exam will include objective sections and essay
questions. (A make-up exam will be given only for highly extenuating
circumstances and will be considerably more difficult.)
Objective Portion of Exam
The objective portion of the exam will count as 70 points and will include matching, multiple choice, fill in the blank, and true or false sections.
Matching will count 30 points (15 at 2 points each) and will be divided into three sets. The first concerns areas in philosophy. The second focuses on key distinctions in the Apology. The third will focus on key points concerning conditional statements and subtypes of fallacies.
Multiple choice will count 12 points (6 at 2 points each) and will all concern key definitions of critical thinking terms.
Fill in the Blank will count 12 points (6 at 2 points each) and will be divided between questions on the names and themes of dialogues of Plato and making valid inferences from statements supplied.
True or False will count 16 points (8 at 2 points each) and will be divided between assessing whether Socrates made the statements listed asnd whether the definitiions concerning validity and invalidity given are corrrect.
To review for this portion of the exam be familiar with the topics listed below (shown as overheads in class and available under study guides in course materials on web) and with the reading with which they correlate.
Areas of Philosophy (iplavineareas.html)
Classic Passages in the Apology (ipapologyquotes.html)
Key Distinctions in the Apology (ipapologydistinct.html)
Arguments in the Crito and the Phaedo (ipcritophaedo.html)
Socratic Method in the Euthyphro (ipeuthyphro.html)
Platoís Allegory of the Cave (wpjohplcave.html)
Recognizing Arguments, Ch 1-3 (ipctfirstthree.html)
Basic Arguments, Ch 4-7 (ipctfourthruseven.html)
More Complex Arguments, Ch 8-10 (ipcteightthruten.html)
Analogies, Numbers, Generalizations, and Causes, Ch 11-15 (ipcteleventhrufifteen.html)
Recognizing Fallacies & Evaluating Arguments, Ch 18-21 (ipcteighteenthrutwentyone.html)
More specifically, you should know the following:
The distinctions with which each area of philosophy is associated
The name and main topic of each of Plato's dialogues assigned
The names and meaning of fallacies and their subtypes
The definition of valid and invalid arguments
The definition of strong and weak arguments
The structure of valid argument forms
Truth-value in relations among universals (+ & -) and particulars (+ & -)
The names and meaning of types of averages and samples
Essay Portion of Exam
The Essay Portion of the Exam will count 30 points, 15 points on each of two questions.
The Essay Question on The Good Life will count 15 points. The questions given on the exam will be identical to or very similar to the ones listed below. In your essay, select one of the two that are given from the four listed below and write in your own words and aim to be accurate, relevant, and clear.
In the Apology, Socrates gets Meletus to assert that Socrates does not believe in gods at all. How does Socrates show that a contradiction exists between the affidavit or disposition presented to the court and the testimony or assertions in made court?
In the Apology, Socrates asserts, ěNeither I nor any person should, on trial or in war, contrive to avoid death at any costî and, in the Crito, Socrates claims ěthe most important thing is not life, but the good life.î How does Socrates assess the ease versus the propriety of the contrasting orientations that he sketches (avoiding death and avoiding wickedness)?
In the Crito, Socrates distinguishes two moralities and bases his decision to reject escape on one of these perspectives. What are the premises in the moral perspective of Socrates, and how do they affect the limits of protest?
In the Euthyphro, Socrates challenges the adequacy of the definition
of piety given by Euthyphro. What is the distinction between something
being pious because loved by the gods or the gods loving something because
it is pious, and how does Socrates use the latter distinction and then
a definition of piety that does not make reference to the gods to facilitate
a non-authoritarian ethics?
The Essay Question on Thinking Logically will count 15 points. The passages given on the exam will be identical to or very similar to ones listed below. In your essay, you select one of the two passages that are given from the four listed below and write in your own words with the aim to be accurate, relevant, and clear. Assessments should have an overall claim about the argument that is supported by the remainder of the essay. A cogent essay likely will cite the claim of the argument, assess the validity and strength of the argument, and identify and assess any potential fallacies in the argument. A review of suggestions in Chapter 19 and especially Chapter 20 of Epstein may be useful in preparing your essays.
When an individual is diagnosed as having cancer, every effort is made to kill the cancerous growth, whether by surgery, radiation treatment, or chemotherapy. Therefore, when perverted, socially diseased, criminals who are inclined to rape, rob, steal, and kill are apprehended and convicted, they should be treated like any other cancer and eliminated by capital punishment, whether by the electric chair, lethal inject, hanging or a firing squad.
As greedy corporate farms continue to gobble up smaller family farms, they control a larger percentage of the grain and produce raised in the United States. Some have already reached a point in size where, if they should decide to withhold their grain and produce from the marketplace, spot shortages could occur and higher prices would result. The choice is to pay us decent, hard working family farmers now or pay the heartless, blood sucking corporations later.
I am a healthy 79 year-old woman and have been smoking for 60 years. My husband is 90 and has inhaled my smoke for some 50 years with no bad effects. I see no reason to take further steps to isolate smokers in our restaurants and public places. Smokers have taken punishment enough from neurotic sniffers, some of whom belong in bubbles. We have enough far more injurious fumes in the air from gas guzzling cars and filthy factory emissions without worrying about a little innocent tobacco smoke.
A majority of Americans wonder why our government spends so much money
programs when we are in such a difficult financial situations that we have cut many essential social programs. What has been gained by throwing billions of dollars into space? The idea of colonizing other planets millions of miles away is ridiculous. Weould not spend billions of dollars on space dreams while overlooking the needs of our suffering citizens, for whom that money could mean jobs.