Reviewing for Exam on Part II.
Philosophical Reflection on Terrorism
This exam will count as 35% of your final grade. On the date listed
on the syllabus, an in-class exam will be given on class lectures and on
the readings. The exam will include objective sections and essay
questions. (A make-up exam will be given only for highly extenuating
circumstances and will be considerably more difficult.)
Objective Portion of Exam
The objective portion of the exam will count as 60 points and will include
matching, multiple choice, fill in the blank, and true or false sections.
Matching will count 10 points (5 at 2 points each) and will list major
philosophers and key principles of their philosophy, as discussed by Govier.
Multiple choice will count 20 points (10 at 2 points each) and will contain
one on who Holmes thinks can use terrorism, two on how Gay presents the
nature of weapons of mass destruction, and seven on key points by Govier
on topics such as courage, justice, and victims.
Fill in the Blank will count 10 points (5 at 2 points each) and will require
lisitng the titles (each distinct) of chapters in Govierís book that address
the topics listed (and taken from main points in overheads).
True or False will count 20 points (10 at 2 points each) and will be divided
between three statements on when weapons of mass destruction have been
used and seven statements on central views of Govier on the topics in her
To review for this portion of the exam be familiar with the topics
listed below (shown as overheads in class and available under study guides
in course materials on web) and with the readings with which they correlate.
Holmes on Terrorism and Violence (wpjohotholmes.html)
Gay on Weapons of Mass Destruction (gaywmd.html)
Govier Vulnerability, Victims, and Evil (ipsumgovieronethruthree.html)
Govier on Hatred, Revenge, and Power (ipsumgovierfourthrusix.html)
Govier on Justice, Violence, and Responsibility (ipsumgovierseventhrunine.html)
Govier on Kindness, Courage, and Perspective (ipsumgoviertenthrutwelve.html)
More specifically, you should know the following:
Govier on Life, Vindication, and Hope (ipsumgovierthirthrufif.html)
The distinctions that Holmes makes between terrorism and war
The overview that Gay gives of biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons
The titles and themes of the fifteen chapters in Govierís book
The various illusions, myths, and oversimplifications that Govier identifies
The distinctions in just war theory and interpretations of jihad
Essay Portion of Exam
The application of probability theory and causal analysis to terrorism
The Essay Portion of the Exam will count 40 points, 10 points on the
first question and 15 points on the second question and 15 points on the
Question on Defining Terrorism will count 10 points. The
questions given on the exam will be identical to or very similar to the
ones listed below. In your essay, select one of the two that are
given from the three listed below and write a response that aims to be
accurate, relevant, and clear.
In "Terrorism and Violence," Robert Holmes compares use of the terms "terrorist"
and "freedom fighter" and stresses that the violence of war is not less
terrible than the violence of terrorism. How does Holmes define terrorism,
and how does he compare terrorism and war in relation to violence and morality?
In "Terrorism and Violence," Robert Holmes contends that terrorists are
not subhuman monsters and observes that injustice, poverty, and oppression
are often part of the root causes of terrorism. What two main suggestions
does Holmes offer regarding our outlook toward terrorists and our own responsibility?
In "Weapons of Mass Destruction,' William Gay addresses defining and preventing
biological, chemical, and nuclear attacks. How does Gay present weapons
of mass destruction as instruments of terror, and why does he suggest we
need to pay attention to how the term is used in relation to oneís own
country and other nations or groups?
Essay Questions on How Philosophy Can Respond to Terrorism
will count 15 points each. The questions given on the exam will be
identical to or very similar to ones listed below. In your essays,
select two of the three that are given from the four listed below and write
responses that aims to be accurate, relevant, and clear.
Trudy Govier addresses the illusion of invulnerability yet stresses how
life goes on even under conditions of terror. How does Govier link
her observations about vulnerability to the attacks of 9/11, and what does
she see as the limitations of and an alternative to taking a Stoic stance
in response to such events?
Trudy Govier views many discussions of victims of terrorism and of terrorists
as evil as involving oversimplifications and dangers. What does Govier
regard as proper and as excessive responses to victims of terror, and why
does she distinguish the act and agent of terrorism in addressing the status
Trudy Govier is concerned about the expressions of hatred and the desire
for revenge in response to terrorism. What are some of the popular
views on hatred and revenge that she assesses, and what are some of the
alternative philosophical views that she presents (particularly of Kant,
Hegel, and Gandhi)?
Trudy Govier presents just war theory as an alternative to "total pacifism"
and 'total Realpolitik." How does Govier distinguish the justice
of going to war from justice in the conduct of war, and how does she connect
this discussion to the ambiguity regarding the use of violence by nation
states and terrorist groups?
Trudy Govier aims to promote gaining perspective in discussions about terrorism
and in maintaining hope. How does she present the importance of free
discussion and critique the view that insists we speak in one voice, and
why, in her discussion of hope, does she reject the Stoic view and instead
stress the view that hope is logical and realistic?