Continuum of Linguistic Violence

Covert Institutional Violence and Covert Personal Violence


Subtle Forms

Abusive Forms
Grievous Forms

Children's Jokes
Racist Language Warist Language

Literacy Restrictions
Sexist Language Genocidal Language

Official Languages
Heterosexist Language Nuclear Discourse

Based on William C. Gay, "Linguistic Violence," Institutional Violence, eds. Deane Curtin and Robert Litke (Amsterdam:  Rodopi Press, 1999), pp. 13-34.