Continuum of Linguistic Violence
 

Covert Institutional Violence and Covert Personal Violence



 
 

Subtle Forms

Abusive Forms
Grievous Forms

Children's Jokes
 
Racist Language Warist Language

Literacy Restrictions
 
Sexist Language Genocidal Language

Official Languages
 
Heterosexist Language Nuclear Discourse

Based on William C. Gay, "Linguistic Violence," Institutional Violence, eds. Deane Curtin and Robert Litke (Amsterdam:  Rodopi Press, 1999), pp. 13-34.