Peace Making as Between Silence and Violence

 
 
 
 
 

Type of
Justice or Violence
Covert
Institutional Violence

Justified or 
Nonviolent Talk
 

Justified or
Nonviolent Action
 
Overt
InstitutionalViolence

Approach to Injustice
Silence Diplomacy
Civilian Defense
 

Military Defense
 
Range of Examples

Racism

Sexism

Classism
 


Discussion

Negotiation

Arbitration
 


Protest

Noncooperation

Intervention
 


State terrorism

Civil war

Global war
 

Based on William Gay, "The Prospect for a Nonviolent Model of National Security," On the Eve of  the 21st Century:  Perspectives of Russian and American Philosophers, eds. William Gay and T.A. Alekseeva (Lanham, MD:  Rowman & Littlefield, 1994), p. 131.