Enlightenment Political Philosophy

Biography of Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)

Early years

Philosophical works

Return to England

Biography of John Locke (1632-1704)

Early years (after birth in 1632) at Wrington, near Bristol

Public affairs

Philosophical Writings of John Locke

Two Treatises of Civil Government  (1690) at 58

Other philosophical writings

Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

Early years

Relation with Baronne de Warrens, his benefactress Tutor and travel

Toward Acclaim

Departure from Paris

Mary Wollstonecraft

Life (1759-1797)

Philosophy in Prolific Decade of Twelve Books and Numerous Articles

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

Early Years of Education thru Age 16  (1806-1822; born May 20, 1806)

Middle Years with East India Co. from Age 17 to 52 (1823-1858)

Later Years of Publishing and Service (1859-1873; died May 8, 1873)

Karl Marx (1818-1883)

Early Years, Education, and Initial Liberalism

Radicalization and Later Years

Marx and the Internationals

First International

Second International (founding Congress on July 14, 1889--the centennial of 1789 and Franco-German)

Third International (First Congress, March 2-6, 1919)

Orthodox vs Western Marxism