From Medieval to Modern Philosophy

The Medieval Period: 400-1400  CE (5th-15th)

Major Figures

Character of Scholasticism Breakdown (from Late Medieval to Early Modern: 14th-17th)

Differences between Medieval and Modern Philosophy

Movements in the West During the Modern Period (16th-19th)

Cultural:  Enlightenment Rationalism

Political:  Absolutism to Parliamentarianism

Economic: Commercialism to Capitalism


Overview of Continental Rationalism and British Empiricism

Development of Continental Rationalists' Concept of Substance

Substance Metaphysics and Mathematical Deduction

--  Arguments for the existence of God
-- Deductions from alleged certainty of self
  o Reason a priori from innate ideas  (all truth)
  o Principle of Sufficient Reason:  rational explanation  (everything)
Descartes initiates method of pure deduction

Spinoza rejects dualism

Leibniz develops pluralism

Experimental Basis of Knowledge in British Empiricism

Nature of the Experimental Method

Locke founds British Empiricism

Berkeley attacks conclusion of material substance

Hume eliminates spiritual substance as well