Early versus Late Wittgenstein

 

 

Wittgenstein of the Tractatus advocates:

 

1.    Univocity for each word

 

2.    Picture theory of meaning with an assumption of isomorphism

 

3.    Essentialism

 

4.    Referential understanding of language

 

5.    Prescriptive orientation: need to reform language

 

 

Wittgenstein of the Investigations advocates:

 

1.    Equivocity of most words

 

2.    Language games that connect words with activities

 

3.           Non-essentialism/functionalism

 

4.    Functional understanding of language

 

5.    Descriptive orientation: accept language as it is