Early versus Late Wittgenstein



Wittgenstein of the Tractatus advocates:


1.    Univocity for each word


2.    Picture theory of meaning with an assumption of isomorphism


3.    Essentialism


4.    Referential understanding of language


5.    Prescriptive orientation: need to reform language



Wittgenstein of the Investigations advocates:


1.    Equivocity of most words


2.    Language games that connect words with activities


3.           Non-essentialism/functionalism


4.    Functional understanding of language


5.    Descriptive orientation: accept language as it is