Philosophical Bibliography on Terrorism

 

William Keener

University of North Carolina at Charlotte

 

 

 

This topical bibliography cites selected philosophical sources on terrorism published in English. Recent popular and online sources are also included, as well as political, religious, military, and historical sources that address philosophical issues related to terrorism. The bibliography is subdivided into four main sections: defining terrorism; causes of terrorism; justifications and objections to terrorism; preventing and responding to terrorism. Note that some sources were included and categorized based only on an abstract. A URL is provided if the full text or additional information about the text is available online, and recommended works are indicated with an asterisk. The goal has been to organize a wide range of texts that would be useful to philosophers.

 

Some important sources may have been omitted, and some citations included may have errors. For additional sources and any corrections, or an abstract or summary of included sources (if available), see the expanded version of this bibliography on the World Wide Web at <http://49web.uncc.edu/~wtkeener/>. If you are aware of philosophical sources on terrorism that should be included, or ways of organizing this bibliography so that it is more useful, please send email to <wtkeener@charlotte.uncc.edu>.

 

 

Defining Terrorism

 

q      Chomsky, Noam. “Who are the Global Terrorists?” Ken Booth and Tim Dunne, Eds. Worlds in Collision: Terror and the Future of Global Order. Palgrave/Macmillan. UK, May 2002; US, September 2002. *

<http://www.zmag.org/content/ForeignPolicy/chomskyglobeterr.cfm>

 

q      Halliday, Fred. “Terrorism.” Online. May 2001

<http://www.globalpolicy.org/wtc/terrorism/2510t.htm>

 

q      Gordon, Neve. “Terrorism in the Arab-Israeli Conflict” Ethics in International Affairs: Theories and Cases. Valls, Andrew. 99-113. Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield. 2000.

 

q      Prabha, Kshitij. “Defining Terrorism.” Strategic Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 1, April 2000.

<http://www.idsa-india.org/an-apr-08.html>

 

q      Toupadakis, Andreas. “Dissecting the Meaning of Terrorism.” Online.

<http://www.nonviolence.org/commentary/121.php>

 

q      Teichman, Jenny. “How to Define Terrorism.” Philosophy, Vol. 64, No. 250. pp 505-517. 1989.

q      Wilkinson, Peter. “Can A State be Terrorist?” International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-). Volume 57, Issue 3. Summer, 1981. 467-472.

<http://wings.buffalo.edu/philosophy/faculty/smith/courses01/rrtw/Wilkinson.pdf>

 

q      Graham, Gordon. “Terrorists and Freedom Fighters.” Philosophy and Social Action, Vol. 11, 43-54, 1985.

 

 

Causes of Terrorism

 

q      Brzezinski, Zbigniew. “Focus On the Political Roots of Sept. 11.” New York Times. September 4, 2002.

<http://www.globalpolicy.org/wtc/terrorism/2002/0904focus.htm>

 

q      Honderich, Ted. After the Terror. Edinburgh University Press. 2002. *

<http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~uctytho/ATT&furtherthoughts.html>

 

q      Dawkins, Richard. “Religion's Misguided Missiles.” The Guardian. September 15, 2001.

<http://www.guardian.co.uk/Archive/Article/0,4273,4257777,00.html>

 

q      Klare, Michael. “Asking ‘Why.’” Online. September 2001.

<http://www.fpif.org/commentary/0109why.html>

 

q      Hudson, Rex A. “The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism: Who Becomes a Terrorist and Why?” Report Prepared under an Interagency Agreement by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. September 1999.

<http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Sociology-Psychology%20of%20Terrorism.htm>

 

q      Lewis, Bernard. “The Roots of Muslim Rage: Why so many Muslims deeply resent the West, and why their bitterness will not easily be mollified.” The Atlantic Monthly. September 1990.

<http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/90sep/rage.htm>

 

q      Holyst, Brunon. “War and Crime.” Dialectics and Humanism, 163-171, Summer-Autumn 1989.

 

q      Wilkinson, Paul. Terrorism and the Liberal State. NY New York University Press, 1986.

 

 

Justifying and Objecting to Terrorism

 

q      Neumann, Michael. “Israelis and Indians.” Online. April 9, 2002.

<http://www.counterpunch.org/neumannisrael1.html>

 

q      Coady, Tony and Michael O'Keefe, Eds. Terrorism and Justice: Moral Argument in a Threatened World.  Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, September 2002.

<http://www.mup.unimelb.edu.au/catalogue/0-522-85049-9.html>

 

q      Valls, Andrew. “Can Terrorism Be Justified?” Ethics in International Affairs: Theories and Cases. Valls, Andrew. 67-79. Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield. 2000.

q      Greetham, Bryan. “Terrorism and the Collapse of Moral Authority.” CIDC Insight. Vol. 13, February 1998. *

<http://ethics.acusd.edu/Resources/PhilForum/Terrorism/Greetham.html>

 

q      Corlett, J. Angelo. “Can Terrorism Be Morally Justified?” Public Affairs Quarterly. Vol. 10, No. 3, July 1996, pp.163-84.

 

q      Wilkins, Burleigh Taylor. Terrorism and Collective Responsibility (Points of Conflict). Routledge; May 1992.

 

q      Westra, Laura. “Terrorism, Self-Defense, and Whistleblowing.” Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. 20, No. 2, 46-58. Winter, 1989.

 

q      Wallace, Gerry. “Area Bombing, Terrorism, and the Death of Innocents.” Journal of Applied Philosophy,   Vol. 6, 3-15, March 1989.

 

q      Khatchadourian, Haig. “Terrorism and Morality.” Journal of Applied Philosophy, Vol. 5, 131-145, 1988.

 

q      Coady, C. A. J. “The Morality of Terrorism.” Philosophy, Vol. 60, 47-70. 1985.

 

q      Oruka, Odera H. “Legal Terrorism and Human Rights.” Praxis International, Vol. 1. 376-385, 1982.

 

q      Hughes, Martin. “Terrorism and National Security.” Philosophy, Vol. 57, 5-26. 1982.

 

q      Hare, R. M. “On Terrorism.” The Journal of Value Inquiry, Vol. 13, 241-249. Winter 1979.

 

q      Wellman, Carl. “On Terrorism Itself.” The Journal of Value Inquiry, Vol. 13, 250-258. 1979.

 

q      Young, Robert. “Revolutionary Terrorism, Crime and Morality.” Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy, 4, 287-302, FALL 1977.

 

 

Preventing and Responding to Terrorism

 

Military Responses

 

q      Bennett, William. Why We Fight: Moral Clarity and the War on Terrorism. New York: Doubleday. 2002.

 

 

q      Cook, Martin L. “Ethical Issues in Counterterrorism Warfare.” An essay originally prepared at the direction of the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, US Army. September 2001.

<http://www.scu.edu/SCU/Centers/Ethics/publications/ethicalperspectives/cook.html>

 

q      Institute for American Values. “What We're Fighting For: A Letter from America.” Online. A public letter to Europeans by various American intellectuals. February 13, 2002. *

<http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/02021405.htm>

<http://www.propositionsonline.com/html/fighting_for.html>

 

-- “Is the Use of Force Ever Morally Justified.” Online. A counter-response to a reply by German intellectuals (see the section on Non-military Responses below) to the above letter. *

<http://www.propositionsonline.com/html/is_the_use_of_force_ever_moral.html>

 

q      Peikoff, Leonard. "End States Who Sponsor Terrorism." A full-page ad in the New York Times. October 2, 2001.

<http://www.aynrand.org/medialink/endterrorism.shtml>

 

q      Searle, John. “An op ed on Terror by the Mills Professor of Philosophy at UC Berkeley.” *

<http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith//courses01/rrtw/Searle.pdf>

 

 

Just War Theory and Critiques of Military Responses

 

q      Luban, David. “The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights.” Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 3, Summer 2002.

<http://www.puaf.umd.edu/IPPP/reports/vol22sum02/Summer%202002%20issue.pd>

 

q      Chomsky, Noam, “Terror and Just Response.” Online. July 2, 2002. *

<http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?SectionID=40&ItemID=2064>

<http://globalresearch.org/view_article.php?aid=440918059>

 

q      Fiala, Andrew. “Terrorism and the Philosophy of History: Liberalism, Realism, and the Supreme Emergency Exemption.” Essays in Philosophy: A Biannual Journal, vol. 3, Special Issue, April 2002. *

<http://www.humboldt.edu/~essays/fiala.html>

 

q      Lowe, Scott. “Terrorism and Just War Theory.” Perspectives on Evil and Human Wickedness. Anglo-American College, Prague, Czech Republic. March 2002.

<http://www.wickedness.net/Lowe.pdf>

 

q      Moellendorf, Darrel. “Is the War in Afghanistan Just?” Imprints: A Journal of Analytical Socialism. Vol. 6, No. 2. Symposium on the War in Afghanistan. 2002.

<http://info.bris.ac.uk/%7Eplcdib/imprints/moellendorf.html>

 

 

q      Bertram, Christopher. “Afghanistan: A Just Intervention.” Imprints: A Journal of Analytical Socialism. Vol. 6, No. 2. Symposium on the War in Afghanistan. 2002.

<http://info.bris.ac.uk/%7Eplcdib/imprints/bertram.html>

 

q      Zinn, Howard. “A Just Cause, Not a Just War.” The Progressive. December 2001. *

<http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith//courses01/rrtw/Zinn.html>

 

q      Zunes, Stephen. “Bombing Will Not Make U.S. More Secure.” Online. Foreign Policy in Focus. October 8, 2001.

<http://www.fpif.org/commentary/0110catharsis.html>

 

q      Hehir, J. Bryan. “What Can Be Done? What Should Be Done?” America Press, Oct. 8, 2001. *

<http://www.americapress.org/articles/hehir-terror.htm>

 

q      Elshtain, Jean Bethke, Stanley M. Hauerwas, and James Turner Johnson. “Just War Tradition and the New War on Terrorism.” Online. The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. October 5, 2001.

<http://pewforum.org/events/index.php?EventID=15>

 

q      Falk, Richard. “Defining a Just War.” The Nation. October 29, 2001. *

<http://www.thenation.com/docPrint.mhtml?i=20011029&s=falk>

 

q      Zinn, Howard. “Violence Doesn’t Work.” The Progressive. September 14, 2001

<http://www.progressive.org/webex/wxzinn091401.html>

 

q      Shue, Henry. “Not Contributing to Terrorism.” Online. September 17, 2001.

<http://ethics.acusd.edu/Resources/PhilForum/Terrorism/Shue.html>

 

 

Non-military Responses

 

q      Fiala, Andrew. “Practical Pacifism and the War on Terror.” The Humanist. Vol. 62, No. 6, November/December 2002.

 

q      Shalom, Stephen R. “Confronting Terrorism and War.” New Politics. Vol. 8, No. 4, whole no. 32, Winter 2002.

<http://www.wpunj.edu/newpol/issue32/shalom32.htm>

 

q      “Letter from United States Citizens to Friends in Europe.” Online. A response to the Institute for American Values public letter (“What We're Fighting For: A Letter from America” in the section on Military Responses above) by various US intellectuals. *

<http://www.propositionsonline.com/html/us_letter_to_europeans.html>

 

q      Koalition für Leben und Frieden (Coalition for Life and Peace). “A World of Justice and Peace Would be Different.” Online. A response to the Institute for American Values public letter (“What We're Fighting For: A Letter from America” in the section on Military Responses above) by various German intellectuals. *

<http://www.propositionsonline.com/html/german_statement.html>

 

-- “In the 21st Century, There is No Longer Any Justification for War.” Online. The second reply to the Institute for American Values. *

 

q      Rorty, Richard. “Fighting Terrorism with Democracy.” The Nation. October 21, 2002, pp. 11, 13-14.

<http://www.thenation.com/docprint.mhtml?i=20021021&s=rorty>

 

q      Holmes, Robert. “Terrorism and Violence: A Moral Perspective.” Issues in War and Peace: Philosophical Inquiries. Kunkel, Joseph C. and Kenneth H. Klein, Eds. Wolfeboro, New Hampshire: Longwood Academic, 1989. *