The slow but persistent rise in awareness of racial, ethnic, and gender oppression and the beginning efforts of liberation from within the oppressed groups offer hope that even the most deeply held and least explicitly challenged predispositions of culture might be examined

Duane Cady, From Warism to Pacifism, p. 10
 
 



Definitions


Warism: war is morally justifiable in principle and often in fact
  • Warism is dominant assumption: taken for granted
  • Myth of coupling national sovereignty and the capacity to wage war

 
Pacifism: war, by its nature, is morally wrong and humans should work for peaceful resolution of conflicts
  • Pacifism is not taken seriously: rejected without examination
  • Myth of coupling pacifism with naive and misguided outlook

 
 
 
 
 
Obstacles to Pacifism



 
 
 

1. Primary cultural obstacle is warism
 
 
 
 

2. Confusion of pacifism with passivism
 
 
 
 

3. Reduction of pacifism to most extreme version
 
 
 
 

Cultural Revolutions and

the Critique of Myths






Past Conceptual Shifts Largely Completed


 
 
 
Current Conceptual Shifts Under Way
 
 
 
Future Conceptual Shift
Just-War Continuum



 
 
 

Common View of War
 
 
 
 

War Realism
 


 
 
 

Just Warism
 


 

Jus ad bellum
 


 
 
 

Jus in bello