Warist
Pacifist

 
 
War

Realist

Just

Warist

Consequen-

tialist

Pacifist

Deonto-

logical

Pacifist


 
 
 

Warist Continuum

 
Conventional
Biological/

Chemical

Nuclear

 
 
 
 

Deter


 
 
 
 

Deployment


 
 
 
 

Stockpiling

Strategic:

MAD

_____________

Tactical:

Flexible

Response


 
 
 
 

Use


 
 
 
 

Engagement


 
 
 
 

Release

Strategic:

First Strike

_____________

Tactical:

First Use


 

Pacifist Continuum



 
 
Deontological Types
Consequentialist Types

 
 
Absolute
Nonlethal

Force

Lethal Force
Episte-

mological

Techno-

logical

Prag-

matic


 
 
 
 
Deontological Pacifism

 
 
Absolute
Nonlethal

Force

Lethal Force
No Overt Violence

Justified

No Lethal Violence

Justified

Some Individual Lethal Violence Justified

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consequentialist Pacifism

 
 
Epistemological
Technological
Pragmatic
Insufficient Knowledge to

Justify War

Tremendous

Destructiveness Makes War Unjust

Ineffective Results

Make War

Unjustified