The Four Relationships of Democracy to Politics and Economics
 
 

Based on the Distinctions between Equality and Merit

and between Politics (Power) and Economics (Goods)


 
 
 
 
Power
Goods
Example
Pure

Egalitarianism:

Political-Economic

Democracy

Politics:

equality/left

Parliamentary

Democracy

Economics:

equality/left

Democratic

Socialism

Scandinavia

Ideal of equality in

politics and economics

Meritocratic

Egalitarianism:

Only Economic

Democracy

Politics:

merit/right

Democratic

Centralism

Economics:

equality/left

State Socialism

USSR

More of merit politics;

Less of equal economics

Egalitarian

Meritocracy:

Only Political

Democracy

Politics:

equality/left

Representative

Democracy

Economics:

merit/right

State

Capitalism

USA and

post-Soviet Russia

Less of equal politics;

More of merit economics

Pure

Meritocracy

No

Democracy

Politics:

merit/right

Fascism

Economics:

merit/right

National

Socialism

Germany and Italy

during WWII

Disinterest in

political or economic equality