The Republic as the
Quest for Justice
Plato: "We Set Out To Discover
The Essential Nature Of Justice"
Construct Ideal Patterns In Discourse
"We did not set out to show that
these ideals could exist in fact"
"Can theory ever be fully realized
"Point out what defect in the working
of existing states prevents them from being so organized"
"What is the least change that would
effect a transformation into this type of government?"
Genuine desire for wisdom in rulers
Paradox: Philosophers Must Be
Philosophers Are Not Rulers
(The Wise Lack Power)
Rulers Are Not Philosophers
(The Powerful Lack Wisdom)
Status: Separate Wisdom and Power
"No rest from troubles"
Troubles include domestic conflict
& international war
Political Realism of Nation
Operation: Might Makes Right
Challenge: How to Introduce
Aim of The Republic
Aim of THIS COURSE