Plato on The Equality of Women
(2300 Years Ago)
"Women should have their turn on
"If we are to set women to the same
tasks as men, we must teach them the same things"
Natural vs. Functional Differences
Some differences in nature are irrelevant
Relevant difference to an occupation is functional, not natural or biological
Bald vs. long-haired for shoemakers
Men vs. women for rulers
Women, Children, and War
"There is no occupation concerned with the management of social affairs
which belongs either to woman or to man, as such"
"The contrary practice which now prevails turns out to be unnatural"
"Men and women will campaign together"
"They'll also take any sturdy children with them to war"
War Is Not To Be Just A Guy Thing
War As Public & Justification as Pragmatic
Men, Women, and Children Involved
"If they fail, which is always a possibility in war, then they'll be
responsible for their children being killed as well as themselves"
"If they have to face danger, shouldn't it be when the result of success
will be an improvement in their conditions?"
Justification Lacking When Improved Aftermath Not Likely